General elections in the Republic of Zambia

Supporters of the leader of the ruling Zambia Patriotic Front, incumbent president and candidate Edgar Lungu, gather in Lusaka on August 11, 2021 for a virtual closing rally ahead of Tharsday's general election. (Patrick Meinhardt / AFP)

On August 12, 2021, presidential and parliamentary elections were held in the Republic of Zambia. According to the country's constitution, the president is elected for a five-year term; he can remain in office for two terms. The deputies of the 167-seat unicameral parliament (National Assembly) are also elected for five years. 12 candidates ran for the presidency, but the main contenders, as in the elections in 2015 and 2016. were the incumbent President E. Lungu and the opposition leader H. Hichilema. In 2021, this was already Hichilema's sixth attempt to climb the top of Zambia's political Olympus.

The leader of the opposition United Party for National Development (OPND - United Party for National Development, UPND ) Hakainde Hichilema, 59, received 59.02% of the popular vote. For the incumbent president, 64-year-old Edgar Lungu (Patriotic Front, PF - Patriotic Front, PF ) 38.7% of voters voted. In the parliamentary elections, the OPNR party won 82 seats (24 seats more than in the elections in 2016), and the PF - 59 seats (lost 21 seats). Women make up 13.5% of parliament members. In the 30 years since Zambia's return to a multi-party system in 1991, the country has held democratic elections nine times, and the transfer of power has been traditionally peaceful each time. p >

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